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The Old Calendarist Schism of the 1920's.


The Old / New Calendar Schism of  the 1920's


There has been a simply massive schism in Orthodoxy over the decision of many in their church to drop the old Julian Calendar, and adopt the Gregorian Calendar (see Calendars). I cannot presently obtain statistics on just what percentage ratio of (what amounts to) the two denominations believe in using which calendar (though the new calendar is seldom strictly Gregorian, as the date of Easter shows) Let me emphasise - the division over calendars has been colossal! And in effect the practical characterization of the two halves of their church are that the old calendarists are legalistic and dogmatic, and the new calendarists are less legalistic less likely to stick to all the old traditions, like "You cannot sit down in church" or "you cannot play music in church" or "you cannot sing a hymn in church" etc etc.. However a large number of the old calendar believers do not see one church divided over calendar issues, they say the other side have graceless sacraments and no authority even to marry two people.

See Revised Julian Calendar:

"The Revised Julian Calendar" with a new leap year rule proposed by the astronomical delegate Milutin Milankovic. This became a huge schism in Orthodoxy, wherein 3 schisms away from the main percentage ratio formed what are in effect at least 3 religions (each claiming to be the original religion). So how many of these "religions" have a Titular Head of Orthodoxy, and does each have an independent genealogy of their Titular Head? (I have no researched this yet).


Old Calendarists: There are at least three types,  


1) The Florinites  (the largest group) 

Greek Old Calendarists adhere to traditional Greek Orthodox practices. While they are called (and might informally call themselves) "Old Calendarist," many maintain that they have not separated over a mere calendar. Instead, the calendar is a symptom of what has been called "the pan-heresy of ecumenism." 



2) The Cyprianites of the Synod in Resistance

The Orthodox Church of Greece - Holy Synod in Resistance, also derisively referred to as the Cyprianites, were a resisting, Old Calendar synod established on April 5/18, 1985, by Metropolitan Cyprian of Oropos and Fili, and Metropolitan Giovanni of Sardinia.

It was theologically distinctive from the rest of the Old Calendarist Churches in that they did not officially view those Churches which accepted the new (“Revised Julian”) calendar as completely outside of the Orthodox Church and sacramentally devoid of grace, but as compromised or “ailing” portions of the Church awaiting final canonical judgment.


3) The Matthewites.

Greek Old Calendarists (Greek: Παλαιοημερολογίτες, Paleoimerologites) are groups that separated from the Orthodox Church of Greece or from the Patriarchate of Constantinople, precipitated by disagreement over the abandonment of the traditional Julian Calendar.[1]


all of which have factions within themselves.

see also:

4) Lipovans

Lipovans are Russian Old Believers who fled Russia in the late 17th early 18th centuries in order to escape the persecution of their faith. The first part of their name derives from an early church leader, (English form) Philip.


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