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1st Century: (AD 1 to AD 100)

The Persecution of proto Christians.

There is no equivalent of King David slaying goliath in the early church, or Jonathan fighting an entire army on his own, or Samson slaying 1,000 men single handed, or a Gideon winning battles with small numbers of men, or any other generals and "heroes" like Joshua. There was much persecution but no evidence of fighting wars against their persecutors. The instruction of Jesus what to do in the 70 AD Siege of Jerusalem was "flee to the mountains" (Luke 13:14) even if you see this as a dual prophecy linked to the end times.

The history of violence you will see in this long historical study, by Roman Catholicism, Orthodoxy, and their preschism / post Constantine ancestors, has nothing to do with the true "Peace and Love" teachings of Jesus.

2nd Century: (AD 101 to AD 200)

The Persecution of early Christians.

3rd Century: (AD 201 - AD  300)

285 - by this date the Roman Empire had grown so vast that it was no longer feasible to govern all the provinces from the central seat of Rome. The Emperor Diocletian divided the empire into halves with the Eastern Empire governed out of Byzantium (later Constantinople) and the Western Empire governed from Rome. This fact is included because of its probable inevitable connection to the later division in so called Christendom. 

4th century: (AD 301 to AD 400)

​The 4th century begins with civil war resulting in the ascendancy of Constantine I, then, after his death, wars with Persia and Germanic tribes, punctuated frequently with more civil wars.



   *   Constantine's: persecution of Arians.

   *   Violence in the reign of Constantius II. When Paul, the orthodox bishop of Constantinople, was banished by imperial decree, a riot broke out that resulted in 3000 deaths

   *   Monks in Alexandria: were the first to gain a reputation for violence and cruelty.

   *   At Ephesus, a fight broke out in a council of bishops resulting in one of them being murdered. Gibbon's assessment was that "the bonds of civil society were torn asunder by the fury of religious factions." Gregory of Nazianzus lamented that the Kingdom of heaven had been converted into the "image of hell" by religious discord.

   *  Athanasius of Alexandria (so called saint): -  Richard Rubenstein and Timothy Barnes allege he practiced the suppression of the dissent through violence and murder.

    *  Julian the Apostate: tried  to restore paganism in the empire.

    *  Emperor Valens— himself an Arian — renewed the persecution of Nicene hierarchs.

     *  Theodosius I : effectively wiped out Arianism once and for all among the elites of the Eastern Empire through a combination of imperial decree, persecution, and

     *   Severus of Antioch: is said to have stirred up a fierce religious war among the population of Alexandria, resulting in bloodshed and conflagrations (Labbe, v. 121). To escape punishment for this violence, he fled to Constantinople, supported by a band of two hundred Non-Chalcedonian monks. 

(constructing these....)


        313      Edict of Milan :

        340-347? -  Ulfilas: (also known as Ulphilas and Orphila, Wulfila) supposedly spreads the Arian false Gospel (teachings of Arius) to the Goths. (mentioned as it later resulted in bloodshed).


the main heresy denying the divinity of Christ, originating with the Alexandrian priest Arius ( c.250– c.336). Arianism maintained that the son of God was created by the Father and was therefore neither coeternal nor consubstantial with the Father.

       381 - Second Ecumenical Council of 381: the Orthodox like to forget to mention this was connected to persecuting Arians and others deemed "sects" with violence. expanding the Nicene Creed.



Oxford English Dictionary, quote:

Dark Ages

1 the period in western Europe between the fall of the Roman Empire and the high Middle Ages, c.500–1100 ad, during which Germanic tribes swept through Europe and North Africa, often attacking and destroying towns and settlements. It was judged to have been a time of relative unenlightenment, though scholarship was kept alive in the monasteries and learning was encouraged at the courts of Charlemagne and Alfred the Great.

a period of supposed unenlightenment: a throwback to the dark ages of computing.

• (the dark ages) humorous or derogatory an obscure or little-regarded period in the past, especially as characterizing an outdated attitude or practice: the judge is living in the dark ages.

In the so called "dark ages" people tended to live far more in isolated small communities. This was in fact a time in which communities of Evangelical Christians could far more easily hide from persecution, and their belief of not having idols, or building church buildings, would mean little archaeological evidence would be found to prove their existence.

5th century: (AD 401 to AD 500)

Map showing the paths of invasion by various groups into Eastern and Western Roman territoryThe 5th century involves the final fall of the Western Roman Empire to GothsVandalsAlansHuns, and Franks.

  • 402-419 - Wars with Gothic Tribes:  [show]

  • 450-493 - Fall of the West:

  • 451 AD - Battle of Avarayr  - Armenia versus the Sassanid Empire (around about the time of the reign of Theodosius 2nd in the Eastern Roman Empire) . this is an interesting conflict, and may (some would say obviously) shows the root of the doctrinal differences between the Arminian and other Eastern Orthodox churches.

see YouTube video:

484 - 572 - Samaritan Revolts: Byzantine Empire versus Samaritans.

Theodosius 2nd fought the Vandals in North Africa, Attila the Hun, and was forced to face the Sassanid Empire too.  

(The only thing I disagree with in all these baz battle type secular historian videos is the general term "Christian" applied to pre schism warlike pseudo christians, and Catholics and Orthodox later. Constantine infected the Faith with the "scarlet and purple heresy" of Revelation 17, that is melding secular (purple) and religious (scarlet) power together, bringing war into the Faith, when Jesus taught Peace and Love and banned war. This will perhaps lead to never discussing the persecution of true Christian pacifists under Constantine, their dispersal to avoid persecution, and the re-emergence from hiding in the Reformation Era, and at the time of the Lollards. )

6th century: (AD 501 to AD 600)

502-503 - Siege of Amida  - The Persians captured the city of Amida.​

502-508 - Anastasian War: The Greeks were involved in this.

526-532 - Iberian War:  see Battle of Dara &  Battle of Callinicum

       532 - Nika riots:  Against Justinian 1st, Nearly half Constantinople burnt and tens of thousands killed.


541-562 - Lazic War :


        572-591 - Byzantine vs Sassanian war.

7th century:  (AD 601 to AD 700)

       602-628: Final Byzantine vs Sassanian war.

8th century:  (AD 701 to AD 800)

According to the traditional view, Byzantine Iconoclasm was started by a ban on religious images by Emperor Leo III and continued under his successors. It was accompanied by widespread destruction of images and persecution of supporters of the veneration of images.

9th century:  (AD 801 to AD 900)

10th century:  (AD 901 to AD 1000)

11th century:  (1001 AD to 1100 AD)

      1095–1099 - First Crusade:  Pope Urban Preaches The First Crusade (1095) In response to requests from the Byzantine Empire for mercenaries to help them fight the Sejuk Turks, who had overrun the heart of Asia Minor and taken much of the Holy Land in the decades after defeating the Byzantines at Manzikert in 1071, Pope Urban II (1088–1099) called for an armed pilgrimage to Jerusalem to free the Holy Land from the hands of the Saracens.

It has been suggested this Crusade by Catholics and Orthodox, was a covert and cunning attempt by Pope Urban to reunite both religions back into one, and seeing this the Orthodox only help to start the crusade more than help finish it.

12th century:  (1101 AD to 1200 AD)


      1101 - Crusade of 1101: called: "The Crusade of the Faint-Hearted" was a minor crusade of three separate movements, organized in 1100 and 1101 in the successful aftermath of the First Crusade.   

      Post-Crusade of 1101:

     1145–1149 - Second Crusade

     Post-Second Crusade:

    1163–1169 - Crusader invasions of Egypt:

      1189–1192 - Third Crusade:

       1191: Arsuf (1191) Richard the Lionheart defeats Saladin at Arsuf.

       1197 - Crusade of 1197: called "The German Crusade" or "the Crusade of Henry VI" was a crusade launched by the Hohenstaufen emperor Henry VI in response to the aborted attempt of his father, Emperor Frederick Barbarossa during the Third Crusade in 1189–90. Thus the military campaign is also known as "The Emperor's Crusade."

13th century:  (1201 AD to 1300 AD)

     1202–1204-  Fourth Crusade

       1209–1229 - The Albigensian Crusade or the Cathar Crusade was a 20-year military campaign initiated by Pope Innocent III to eliminate Catharism in Languedoc, in southern France

       12:12 - The Children's Crusade: (there are said to have been more than one of these tragic crusades.)

       (1213?) 1217–1221- Fifth Crusade

       1228–1229 - Sixth Crusade: started by Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick II. instead of a Pope, for the first time.

       1239 - The Barons' Crusade: broadly spanned from 1234-1241.

       1248 – 1254 - Seventh Crusade:

       1270 - Eighth Crusade:

       1271 – 1271 -  Ninth Crusade:

14th century:  (1301 AD to 1400 AD)

15th century:  (1401 AD to 1500 AD)​


  • 1419-1434 Hussite Wars, Battle of Lipany - European Wars of Religion DOCUMENTARY


  • 1420 -  The 1st Hussite Crusade. Pope Martin V, issued a bull on 17 March 1420 - proclaiming a crusade "for the destruction of the Wycliffites, Hussites and all other heretics in Bohemia".  (Please notice the warper historical emphasis on the Hussies when many pre-Reformation Protestants were in fact also the target). The Siege of Prague. (see Battle of Vyšehrad).  the Battle of Sudoměř: (25 March 1420), Sigismund was defeated at the Battle of Vítkov Hill on July 1420.

  • 1421 - The 2nd Anti-Hussite Crusade: Sigismund took possession of the town of Kutná Hora but was decisively defeated by Jan Žižka at the Battle of Deutschbrod (Německý Brod) on 6 January 1422. (Civil war in Bohemia - Jan Želivský beheaded).

  • 1422 - The 3rd Hussite Crusade: Popacy calls for a new 3rd crusade against Bohemia, but it resulted in complete failure, After several military successes gained by Žižka in 1423 and the following year, a treaty of peace between the Hussite factions was concluded on 13 September 1424 at Libeň, a village near Prague, now part of that city.

  • 1426 - 1427 - The 4th Hussite Crusade: Hussite forces, led by Prokop and Sigismund Korybut, signally defeated the invaders in the Battle of Aussig. Pope Martin V, to believe that the Hussites were much weakened. Martin proclaimed yet another crusade in 1427. He appointed Cardinal Henry Beaufort of England as Papal Legate of Germany, Hungary, and Bohemia, to lead the crusader forces.. The crusaders were defeated at the Battle of Tachov. But after a few years, Korybut returned to Poland with his men. Korybut and his Poles, however, did not really want to leave; but the Pope threatened to call a crusade against Poland if they did not.

  • 1431 - 1439. The 5th Hussite Crusade: n 1 August 1431 a large army of crusaders under Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg, accompanied by Cardinal Cesarini as papal legate, crossed the Bohemian border. On 8 August the crusaders reached the city of Domažlice and began besieging it. On 14 August, a Hussite relief army arrived, reinforced with some 6,000 Polish Hussites and under the command of Prokop the Great, and it completely routed the crusaders at the resulting Battle of Domažlice. As the legend has it, upon seeing the Hussite banners and hearing their battle hymn, "Ktož jsú boží bojovníci" ("Ye Who are Warriors of God"), the invading Papal forces immediately took to flight.

  • In 1434 war again broke out between the Utraquists and the Taborites. On 30 May 1434, the Taborite army, led by Prokop the Great and Prokop the Lesser, who both fell in the battle, was totally defeated and almost annihilated at the Battle of Lipany.

  • The Polish Hussite movement also came to an end. Polish royal troops under Władysław III of Varna defeated the Hussites at the Battle of Grotniki in 1439, bringing the Hussite Wars to an end.

  • 1453 – Fall of Constantinople – Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II captures Constantinople, ending the Byzantine Empire.

  • 1461 – Siege of Trebizond – Sultan Mehmed II captures Trebizond, ending the Empire of Trebizond:


      1463-1718 - Ottoman–Venetian Wars :

  • 1475 - The Battle of Vaslui (also referred to as the Battle of Podul Înalt or the Battle of Racova) was fought on 10 January 1475, between Stephen III (Catholic) of Moldavia and the Ottoman governor of Rumelia (Muslim), Hadım Suleiman Pasha. Stephen inflicted a decisive defeat on the Ottomans, described as "the greatest ever secured by the Cross (???) against Islam," with casualties, according to Venetian and Polish records, reaching beyond 40,000 on the Ottoman side.

  • 1492 - Fall of Granada: Spain is regained.

16th Century:   (1501 AD to 1600 AD)

       1571 - Battle of Lepanto

17th Century:  (1601 AD to 1700 AD)

18th Century:  (1701 AD to 1800 AD)

19th Century:  (1801 AD to 1900 AD)

1803 - Souliote War:

1803 - 1815  - 3 Ottoman invasions of Mani

1821 - 1832  - Greek War of Independence: (many battles)

1823 - Greek civil wars:

1841 - Cretan Revolt against Ottoman Empire:   

1854 - Epirus: Greek revolt against Ottoman Empire.

1858-1898 -  many Cretan Revolts against the Ottoman Empire.

1878 - Revolts in Thessaly, Macedonia and Epirus against Ottoman's.

1897 - Greco-Turkish War:

20th Century:  (1901 AD to 2000 AD)

1904-1908 - The Greek Struggle in Macedonia: Greek battles with Bulgarians

1905-1906 - Theriso revolt :  

1912-1913 - Balkan Wars:

1914–1918 - The First World War

1918: Battle of Imbros:  Mediterranean Theater

1918: Battle of Skra-di-Legen Balkans Campaign / Macedonian Front

19:18: Battle of Doiran:  Balkans Campaign / Macedonian Front


1919-1922 - Greco-Turkish War:

1923 - Corfu incident:

1925 - Incident at Petrich:

1917–1922 -  The Russian Civil War

1939–1945  -  The Second World War

The Russians, Greeks, and many other predominantly Eastern Orthodox countries fought in World War 2. I have yet to hear of a massive doctrinal pacifist objection being put forward by the Eastern Orthodox church or clergy.


1941 - Battle of Greece/ German Invasion of Greece:

1941-1945 - Greek Resistance against Axis occupation:

see link:

Greece in World War 2


1946-1949 - Greek Civil War :    

1950-1958 - Korean War, Greek Expeditionary Force in Korea:

1974 - Turkish invasion of Cyprus:

Greece has also been involved in many UN and NATO interventions.

1992–1995  -  The Bosnian War

1998–1999 -  The Kosovo War, 1998–1999

21st Century:  (2001 AD to 2100 AD)

2001–2013 - The Global War on Terrorism, 

2001–2014 - The War in Afghanistan

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